International Latin Alphabet

  • 26 phonemes (6 vowels, 2 semivowels, 18 consonants)
  • All characters are from ISO 10646 Basic Latin; 23 used as in IPA, 3 different where IPA is not Basic Latin: <c> /ʃ/, <q> /ʒ/, <y> /ə/ or /y/
  • affricates approximated by writing the stop and the fricative: <ts dz tc dq>
  • usable to lossless pronounce scientific names of animals, plants, chemical elements
  • usable for unified spelling accross languages of personal names
ILA   m   n p b t d     k g       r         f v s z c q x   h       l   j   w           i   u           e y o             a
  • Unify Latin script orthographies, e.g. they use for /ʃ/: c, ch, sc, sch, sh, sk, sx, sy, sz, s, ş, ș, š, ŝ, x. On the other hand each of c, ch, sch, sy, sx, sz, s, x can represent another phoneme at least in one orthography.
  • E.g.: Tcajkovskij instead of Çaykovski, Čajkovski, Chaikovski, Txaikovski, Tsjaikofski, Tschaikowski, Tjajkovskij)
  • stress is not marked, but if a specific environment requires it, can be marked using an apostrophe as in IPA
  • when spelling the alphabet letters are vocalized with the preceding vowel, except for w = wy and x = xy
ILA mapping table
ISO 15924 ISO 639 System Year Basic graphemes [y] [ə] Sibilant affricates X Nasals Unused letter Uncoded ILA 2016 phoneme Comments